Diagnosing and managing preclinical MMVD
Guidelines for diagnosing preclinical MMVD
The following simple screening process has been developed to help you determine whether dogs suspected to have myxomatous
mitral valve disease (MMVD) have evidence of disease progression.
Adapted from the recommendations of the cardiac education group* (cardiaceducationgroup.org) and endorsed by:
Adrian Boswood MA, VetMB, DVC, DECVIM (Cardiology), MRCVS, The Royal Veterinary College, UK
Sonya Gordon BSc, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM (Cardiology), Texas A&M University, USA
Jens Häggström DVM, PhD, DECVIM (Cardiology), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden